What is Proctology and who is a Proctologist?

Proctology is the specialty of medicine that studies diseases related to the colon, rectum, and anus. A proctologist is a surgeon who specializes in diagnosing and treating conditions of the colon, the rectum and the anus. A proctologist is often consulted for complex issues of the lower digestive tract or surgical treatment needs. However, the word "proctologist" is somewhat outdated and hence, Modernly, the preferred term is "colorectal surgeon" or "colon and rectal surgeon."

What conditions do Proctologists treat?

Colorectal surgeons treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. There are four tracts in this area: colon, rectum, anal canal, and perianal area. Among the conditions of the intestinal tract are:

  • Abscesses and fistulae
  • Anal skin tags
  • Colon and rectal cancer
  • Diverticulitis
  • Fissures
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Polyps
  • Rectal prolapse

In addition to treating colon cancer, colorectal surgeons also treat sexually transmitted diseases (STIs), such as:

  • chlamydia
  • genital herpes
  • gonorrhea
  • syphilis

Procedures performed by Proctologists

Proctologists are trained to perform diagnostic tests and medical procedures. Their most commonly performed procedures include:

  • Colonoscopy
  • Digital rectal exams
  • Endorectal ultrasound
  • Proctoscopy
  • Sigmoidoscopy

When to see a Proctologist?

Proctologists treat a wide range of disorders affecting the digestive system, but many patients may not realize when they should see one. However, there are several reasons to consult a proctologist irrespective of age. In most cases, proctologists detect disorders as a result of routine medical exams with primary care providers. During your primary care visit, your primary care provider will evaluate your laboratory and clinical data for any potential problems early.

You may be referred to a proctologist if you have one of the following conditions:

  • Anal leakage or discharge
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Lump found around the anus
  • Change in bowel habits
  • The color and consistency of the bowels change
  • Abscessed buttocks with redness and swelling
  • Advancing age

In case you are experiencing any of these symptoms or need help addressing any concerns you may have, please contact a professional. Stork hospitals is one of the best multispeciality hospital in hyderabad that is known for its commitment to quality medical care and its commitment to its core purpose. With state-of-the-art infrastructure, medical equipment, and facilities, and doctors and support staff who are globally trained and experienced, we provide comprehensive patient care, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Proctology Services

  • Piles
  • Fistula
  • Fissure
  • Pilonidal Sinus
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